Prakash Singh Badal: Chief Minister (CM) of Punjab
Parkash Singh Badal is an Indian politician who has been the Chief Minister of Punjab since 2007. He previously served as Chief Minister from 1970 to 1971, from 1977 to 1980, 1997 to 2002 and 2007-2012. As the leader of the Akali Dal, he also runs and controls the SGPC and DSGMC, and is generally regarded as the most powerful Sikh leader worldwide.
He was born December 8, 1927 in the village of Abul Khurana, near Malwa (Punjab), to Raghuraj Singh and Sundri Kaur in a Sikh family. In 1959 he married Surinder Kaur, they have two children, Sukhbir Singh Badal and Parneet Kaur who is married to Adesh Pratap Singh Kairon. His wife died in 2011.
He entered politics in 1947 and was first elected to Punjab Vidhan Sabha in 1957. He was re-elected in 1969 serving as Minister for Community Development, Panchayati Raj, Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries. He has served as Punjab Chief Minister for three terms the first time in 1969 when he became the youngest Chief Minister of an Indian state. He was Leader of the Opposition in 1972, 1980 and 2002. He was first detained in the Karnal jail in connection with Civil Liberties Agitation later under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act during the Indian Emergency. He was President of the Akali Dal from 1996 to 2008.
After the 2012 election, Shiromani Akali Dal won 68 seats out of 117, together with the Bharatiya Janata Party. He then became chief minister for a record fifth time on 14 March after being sworn in by the Governor of Punjab Shivraj Patil. This was despite a tradition of anti-incumbency in Punjab
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