Municipal Corporation in India
In India, Municipal Corporation is a local government body that administers a city of population 10,00,000 or more. Under the Panchayati raj system, it interacts directly with the state government and it is administratively part of the district it is located in.
The largest Municipal Corporations in India currently are Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Surat and Pune. The Corporation of Chennai is the oldest Municipal Corporation in the world outside UK.
The Municipal Corporation includes members elected from the wards of the city. The Mayor and Deputy Mayor are elected by members. A Municipal Commissioner, who is from the IAS (Indian Administrative Service) is appointed to head the administrative staff of the Municipal Corporation, implement the decisions of the Corporation and prepare its annual budget.
Responsibility of Municipal Corporation:
- Public Transportation
- Water supply
- Records of births and deaths (Provided from central government Births and Deaths Registration Act)
- Sanitation that includes waste management, sewage, drainage and flood control
- Public safety services like fire and ambulance services, gardens and maintenance of buildings
Source of Income
- Property Tax
- Entertainment Tax
- Toll Booth
- Fees for Utilities
In India, the Municipal Commissioner is an executive head of government of a municipal corporation, the form of government which is granted to a city of over one million in population. While a mayor is elected to serve as the theoretical head of state of a municipal corporation, a municipal commissioner is appointed by the state government from the IAS (Indian Administrative Service) to head the administrative staff of the Municipal Corporation, implement the decisions of the Corporation and prepare its annual budget.