In India, a Nagar Palika or Municipality is the urban local body that administers a city of population 100,000 or more. (Exception: Previously Nagar Palika was constituted in urban centers with population over 20,000.) Under the Panchayati Raj system, it interacts directly with the state government. Generally smaller district cities and bigger towns have a Nagar Palika.
The members of the Nagar Palika are elected representatives for a term of 5 years. The town is divided into wards according to its population and representatives are elected from each ward. The members elect a president among themselves to preside over and conduct meetings. A chief officer, along with officers like an engineer, sanitary inspector, health officer and education officer who come from the state public service are appointed by the state government to control the administrative affairs of the Nagar Palika.
The Nagar Palika is responsible for :
- Water supply
- Street lighting
- Fire brigade
- Market places and
- Records of births and deaths
- Solid waste management
Source of Income
- Tax on water
- Tax on house
- Tax on Markets, entertainment and vehicles paid by residents of the town
- Grants from the state government.