Knowledge base

Welcome to Knowledge base! Here you’ll find about how politicians are elected, what are their roles and responsibilities and terms of their work.

House of Representatives in US

House of Representatives in US

  • This house is the lower chamber in the United States Congress.
  • The Senate is the upper house in the United States Congress.
  • These two houses together form the legislature of US.
  • They are also the part of two chambers of Congress.
  • Also referred as congresswoman and congressman.
  • Federal laws are passed by the House of Representatives.
  • Representatives are selected with the basis of population as measured by US Census.

 

Qualifications

  • 25 years old.
  • US citizen for at least 7 years.
  • Should be(during the time of election) an inhabitant of the state one represents.

Term

Serves for a term of two-years

Election Process

  • Individuals from the U.S.House of Representatives represent their states called as the Congressional District, which has an average of 700,000 individuals.
  • For each state one representative is chosen.
  • They represent the inhabitants of the 50 states.
  • The number of voting delegates in the House is fixed to 435.
  • The election happens in all the even-numbered year.

Non-voting Delegates.

  • The District of Columbia and its territories does not have an representation.
  • A non voting Delegate represents the District of Columbia and the territories of American Samoa, Puerto Rico,the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam & the U.S. Virgin Islands.
  • A Resident Commissioner is elected in Puerto Rico and serves for 4 years.
  • The Resident Commissioner and the 5 delegates can participate in debates.
  • They serve for a period of two years.

Speaker of the House

  • This person is the directing officer.
  • Elected by the members and acts as an leader of the controlling party.

Functions

  • The majority party has the power to draft chamber rules.
  • In case of debate and voting they have the power to schedule bills.
  • Power to initiate all revenue bills.
  • Has the power to initiate proceedings on impeachments.

Difference from Senate

  • Senate is called as the “Upper house” and House of Representatives are called as the “Lower house”.
  • Senate has the power of advice & consent while the house does not have any special powers like this.
  • Senate has a term for 6 years which is longer than the house.

Special Privileges

  • Several health benefits.
  • All the representatives have “The honorable” in prefix before their names.
  • Members are enrolled in Federal Employees Retirement System.
  • Permitted to take away $3,000 for general expenses.