Welcome to Knowledge base! Here you’ll find about how politicians are elected, what are their roles and responsibilities and terms of their work.
- A Mayor is an highest ranked officer in a town or city.
- Exercises control over the operations happening in local government.
- In some areas local council are the ones who take care of the governance.
- Based on the power and the size of the city, a mayor can have an minor role or a major role.
- In areas where there is more population the mayor has a role in both local and national politics.
- In places with less population the mayor will have a role where he will participate in ceremonies and special occasions.
How are they elected?
- The election process differs from place to place.
- In most cities the voters elect their mayor.
- These elections were people select their mayors are called as at-large elections.
- Certain cities council take up the role of electing the Mayor.
- The term they serve may vary between cities.
- It can be anything between 2 to 4 years.
- In cities with a large population it is difficult for a mayor so there are any deputy mayors appointed.
- Acts in behalf of the Mayor when he/she is absent.
- It was New York city that had the first deputy mayor.
- These Mayors will take care of the departments like,
- Economic development.
- Community development.
- Health services.
- Senior adviser for mayor.
- Government affairs.
- Press secretary.
- Communication Director.
- Oversees policy procedures.
- In smaller cities there is no deputy mayor.
- Mayor will have less power.
- The local government will be in hands of the city manager and the council members.
- When the cities expand and new problems arise the system will change accordingly by appointing a deputy mayor.
Depending upon the city the power of a Mayor may differ.Generally these are the powers he have,
- He acts as an chief executive in the local city government.
- Mayor provides updates on incidents happening in his/her locality to the government.
- In case of natural calamities it is mayor who gives the updates to those who were affected.
- Has the power to appoint or fire an personnel.
- All the city staff members come under him and reports to him.
- Helps in bringing peace in the city.
- All laws are enforced under him.
- Looks after departments like education, fire, police, transportation and housing.
- Exercises some amount of legislative powers too.
US Conference of Mayors(USM)
- A group of mayors who doesn't have any political connection comes under this non partisan organisation.
- 1200 cities are a part of this USM.
- Two meetings are held in every year.
- They provide management and organisation resources to all the mayors in it.
- In order to be a member in USM, a mayor of a city whose population is 30,000 and above are allowed.
- Their aim is to develop the local politics by increasing their standards.
- Their functions are,
- Looks after the local people's needs.
- To develop the suburban policy.
- Checks whether the policies help in meeting the needs of urban people.
- Reducing the homelessness.
- Securing the homeland.