Knowledge base

Welcome to Knowledge base! Here you’ll find about how politicians are elected, what are their roles and responsibilities and terms of their work.

US Senator

US Senator

  • Senators are workers who work for the government.
  • It comes under the upper chamber of the US Congress.
  • US house of representatives(Lower chamber) and the US Senator(Upper chamber) comprise to make the Legislature of US.
  • Many senators together forms the Senate.
  • For a state usually two senators are chosen.
  • Each senator represent a state.
  • The Vice President serves as an President of the senate.

How are they chosen?

  • Each state is equally represented regardless of population or size.
  • Each state elects two members as a representative for their states.
  • Directly elected by voters.
  • Executive authority of particular states or Governor has the power to appoint a senator in case of vacancy.
  • Senator-elect is an person who has been chosen but have not seated.
  • A member who is appointed for the seat, but haven't seated yet, is referred as the senator-designate.
  • A special election occurs whenever there is a midterm vacancies.

Qualifications

  • 30 years old
  • US citizen for past 9 years or more.
  • Must be a permanent resident to represent in the election.

Term Period

  • The senators serve for a time period of 6 years.
  • One third of the seats expire in every 2 years.
  • This chamber is often called as “the house that never dies.”

Powers

  • Shares the power of lawmaking with the house of representatives.
  • If the act of congress to be passed both the houses have to agree.
  • Has the power to draft reports on information.
  • Can nominate or appoint,
    • Senior judges in the Council of State.
    • Senior judges in the Constitutional Court.
    • Senior judge in the High Council for Justice.
  • Has the power to resolve conflicts of interest.
  • Checks interparliamentary cooperation.
  • Performs the subsidiarity checks.
  • Has the power to advise & consent.
  • These officials require the Senate's permission for appointments,
    • Justices of the Supreme Court.
    • Members of the Cabinet.
    • Heads of most federal executive agencies.
    • Ambassadors.
  • Has the power to impeach higher officials in case of bribery, treachery and other biog crimes.
  • Plays an massive role in appointing the members of one's party to the committee of senators.
  • Has general control over government organisations & departments.
  • Looks after the finance, government operations & foreign relations.
  • Has the power to choose the VP if no candidate receives majority.
  • When the houses are in a confused state for selecting the President, Senates can elect.

Privileges

  • Health benefits.
  • Pensions on Retirement.
  • After 5 years of duty,they are fully vested.
  • Cannot be charged except for felony, treason and breach of the peace during the service.