Welcome to Knowledge base! Here you’ll find about how politicians are elected, what are their roles and responsibilities and terms of their work.
- Senators are workers who work for the government.
- It comes under the upper chamber of the US Congress.
- US house of representatives(Lower chamber) and the US Senator(Upper chamber) comprise to make the Legislature of US.
- Many senators together forms the Senate.
- For a state usually two senators are chosen.
- Each senator represent a state.
- The Vice President serves as an President of the senate.
How are they chosen?
- Each state is equally represented regardless of population or size.
- Each state elects two members as a representative for their states.
- Directly elected by voters.
- Executive authority of particular states or Governor has the power to appoint a senator in case of vacancy.
- Senator-elect is an person who has been chosen but have not seated.
- A member who is appointed for the seat, but haven't seated yet, is referred as the senator-designate.
- A special election occurs whenever there is a midterm vacancies.
- 30 years old
- US citizen for past 9 years or more.
- Must be a permanent resident to represent in the election.
- The senators serve for a time period of 6 years.
- One third of the seats expire in every 2 years.
- This chamber is often called as “the house that never dies.”
- Shares the power of lawmaking with the house of representatives.
- If the act of congress to be passed both the houses have to agree.
- Has the power to draft reports on information.
- Can nominate or appoint,
- Senior judges in the Council of State.
- Senior judges in the Constitutional Court.
- Senior judge in the High Council for Justice.
- Has the power to resolve conflicts of interest.
- Checks interparliamentary cooperation.
- Performs the subsidiarity checks.
- Has the power to advise & consent.
- These officials require the Senate's permission for appointments,
- Justices of the Supreme Court.
- Members of the Cabinet.
- Heads of most federal executive agencies.
- Has the power to impeach higher officials in case of bribery, treachery and other biog crimes.
- Plays an massive role in appointing the members of one's party to the committee of senators.
- Has general control over government organisations & departments.
- Looks after the finance, government operations & foreign relations.
- Has the power to choose the VP if no candidate receives majority.
- When the houses are in a confused state for selecting the President, Senates can elect.
- Health benefits.
- Pensions on Retirement.
- After 5 years of duty,they are fully vested.
- Cannot be charged except for felony, treason and breach of the peace during the service.